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December 2, 2020

What Is Hair Made Of?

The hair is an important part of the body that many individuals know next to no about. There are even a few individuals that don’t think about the hair as an integral part of the body. There are a few misconceptions about the hair being dead cells that have next to no to do with the remainder of the body. For those that care about their hair, understanding what the hair is made of will assist them with taking better care of the hair. The hair is an essential part of the body that contributes meaningfully to the way an individual looks. For ladies, individuals may even notice the state of the hair before watching any other part of the body.

hair follicles

For what reason Do You Need To Know What The Hair Is Made Up Of?

You may simply want to think about what hair is composed of to clear something up. A piece of decent information on the hair and what it is made of will help you from multiple points of view. If you want to take appropriate care of your hair, this information will be valuable. A piece of decent information on what the hair is made of will assist you in knowing what to eat when you want to improve the health of your hair. The information will also assist you in knowing what to avoid with regards to hair items and treatment.

About The Human Hair, hair

is a fascinating thing. Most mammals have hairs that are exceptionally valuable in various ways. For humans, the hair is not as articulated as it is in a portion of the firmly related species. The hair in our body is concentrated on our head and certain parts of the body (pubic locales, especially). When we talk about the hair, many automatically think about the hair on the head.

 This is understandable because these are the hairs that are noticeable in the body. They are also the hairs that enhance the vibes of ladies. For the men, facial hairs may also be considered when hair is generally discussed because they contribute meaningfully in deciding how men look. Another special thing about human hair is the way they develop. The hair on our head can develop longer than what can be seen in other animals.

What Exactly Is The Hair Made Of?

follicle hairdressing

We can start by taking a gander at the way Wikipedia defines hair. Hair is characterized by this site as a protein filament that develops from follicles found in the dermis. From the definition, it is clear to see that protein is the major constituent of hair. Alpha-keratin is certainly the most important of these proteins. This is not the finish of the story, however. On the off chance that you are keen on recognizing what the hair is made of, read on carefully as we think about some important focuses.

Keratin and Hair

As has been referenced above, the human hair is majorly composed of keratin. Keratin is the same protein that is found in the fingernails, toenails, and skin. It is a solid protein that behaves differently in the different parts of the body it is found. The keratin that makes up the major part of the hair is formed by amino acid particles connected by a cysteine disulfide connect . The amino acids that form these proteins that make up the air are sourced from the food we eat. This is the reason protein intake is considered important when somebody is attempting to develop hair.

 The Different Structures Generally

which layer do hair follicles grow

 Referred To As Hair At the point when we talked about the hair, it is normal for many to ponder the part of the hair that is visible. The hair consists of two distinct structures: the hair follicle and the hair shaft.

The Hair Follicle

The hair follicle is the part of the hair that we cannot see. The part is beneath the skin. It will be the bulb we can see when a hair is pulled from the skin.

 The hair follicle is located in the dermis and maintains undeveloped cells. It is the part of the hair that regrows the hair when one falls off. According to Wikipedia, the hair follicle can also assist with regrowing skin after an injury. Because keratin is also part of the skin, this is understandable. 

Hair Shaft The hair

the shaft is the part of the hair that we can see. It is the hard filamentous part that reaches out above the skin surface. It is the part we are generally worried about when we are talking about the hair and how it affects looks. The hair shaft of different individuals is different in various ways. While a few individuals have wavy hairs, others have straight hairs or wavy hairs. This can be a hereditary factor and is controlled by the shape of the hair shaft and the angle it becomes out from the dermis. Even though the hair of individuals appears to be unique, they are the same scientifically.

The Different Layers of the 

Hair Shaft The hair shaft is made of three distinct layers namely the fingernail skin, cortex, and medulla. We will quickly discuss these different layers from the deepest to the outer layer.

The Medullar

This is a honeycomb-like center of the hair structure. It is at the focal point of the fiber and is generally disorganized. The medulla is majorly made up of glycogen (a sugar) and citrulline (an amino acid). This unstructured deepest layer is also important in deciding the overall state of the hair.

The Cortex

This is a hard keratin layer that encompasses the medulla and therefore the mid-layer in any strand of hair. It is an exceptionally structured and organized locale that fills in as the primary wellspring of mechanical quality and water uptake. The cortex is also the part of the hair that contains melanin and therefore decides the shade of the hair based on the sort of melanin granules and their distribution.

The Cuticle

This is the outermost layer of the hair. It is the defensive layer and also gives hair its sparkle. It has a somewhat perplexing structure and also contains some amount of melanin. It is also secured by a solitary molecular layer of lipid that makes the hair filaments repulse water.

 How the Hair Grows

It is important to repeat at this point that the hair is majorly composed of protein. Keratin has also been referenced as the most important of these proteins. For a superior understanding of the other little components of the human hair, we must discuss how hair develops. Hair development starts from the hair follicles. The hair follicles, as has been described earlier, are the parts of the hair that are inserted beneath the skin. The root hair is the bit of the hair strand that is in the follicle. It is at this part of the hair that development happens. Generally, development happens when supplements are changed over to hair cells. As the cells are made, they are attached to the follicle and the more seasoned cells are pushed outward to make the hair strand longer. This means that the most up to date part of the hair that you can see is the part that is located near your scalp or the skin of the part of the body the hair is developing at. They are the parts of the root hair that has been keratinized.

do hair follicles reach connective tissue


Keratinization is the procedure that happens as the hair is pushed up from the hair follicle. The procedure is necessary to make the hair appear as it should be the point at which it rises out of the dermis. The procedure guarantees that the hair cells that are formed somewhere down in the skin are appropriately loaded up with stringy protein (keratin) as they are pushed outward. They also lose their core all the while and when they finally rise out of the skin they will be in the form we see them joined protein-rich filaments that assist with finishing our looks. 

The Building Blocks of 

Hair It is important to refer to at this point that each of the hair follicles in your skin is associated with blood supply. The blood supplies the supplements that are expected to manufacture the new hair cells. Protein may be the most important supplement that is expected to fabricate the cells however it is unquestionably not by any means the only supplement utilized. Some other supplements are vital in building the.


Biotin is a form of vitamin B. It is a water-dissolvable vitamin that is variously alluded to as vitamin B7 or “vitamin H”. The vitamin assists with metabolizing amino acids from food, thereby assisting with forming the keratin required for the formation of hair cells and overall development. Biotin is also useful in strengthening the cortex.


Iron is another important supplement that plays a roundabout yet essential job in hair formation and development. Iron aids in the formation of red platelets and the cells are answerable for conveying oxygen and the supplements expected to create new hair cells. This is one reason iron lack always result in hair misfortune.

hair follicle structure
Hair structure – vector illustration


This is another vitamin B that plays a significant job in hair development. It is particularly alluded to as vitamin B3 and is useful in repairing the DNA in hair follicles. The DNA is important in giving the cells of the hair follicles guidelines. The directions are necessary for the hair follicles to function appropriately and facilitate hair development.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is another important vitamin that helps in the formation of hair cells and, ensuing, hair development. It is an important vitamin that encourages the body to absorb iron. As has been discussed above, iron is also important during the time spent on hair cell formation and hair development. In addition to encouraging iron absorption, vitamin C is a notable antioxidant. This property of the vitamin assists with shielding the hair follicles from free radicals that can cause different sorts of damages.


This is another supplement that helps in facilitating the formation of new hair cells. Zinc supports DNA creation and as has been described earlier, the DNA conveys the correct guidelines that facilitate hair cell formation and hair development on the since quite a while ago run. In addition to this, zinc can also assist with balancing hormones in the body. An unbalanced hormone can always result in hair misfortune. Lack of zinc in the body will always result in deterioration of the protein structure of the hair and this can cause shedding.

Does The Hair Contain Oil?

There is a typical misconception that the hair contains oil. This is not the situation. The oil that we see naturally in our hair are from the sebaceous glands in the skin. These oils may assist the hair with remaining healthy and gorgeous, yet they are not part of the hair.

What to Do With Your Knowledge of What Hair Is Made Of

Since you have a smart thought of what hair is made of, you can utilize the information to improve the state of your hair and facilitate hair development. Eat the correct food that advances hair development when you want your hair to develop and remain healthy. Get enough protein and the other supplements discussed above into your eating routine. Such nourishments as asparagus, eggs, beans, citrus, chicken, meat, fish, spinach, and clam can be useful. Also avoid anything that can crush the shape of the protein, for example, heat. You can also utilize natural oils to advance hair development and improve the overall state of your hair

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